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Twin to twin transfusion syndrome

Case Study
Kline-Fath, Beth, M.D. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center • USA
Serai, Suraj, Ph.D. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center • USA

Patient history

33-year-old female pregnant with monochorionic diamniotic twins at 19 weeks gestation with concern for twin to twin transfusion syndrome.

MR examination

MRI was done on Ingenia 1.5T. With the mother on her side – one digital Anterior coil on her back and another one on her front are used. These two coils used together with the Posterior coil integrated in the table, cover the patient on all sides.


View ExamCard used:

Images

 T2 SSH TSE<br>
Scan time 2.20 min.<br>
Voxel size 1.09 x 1.10 x 4 mm<br>
FOV 280 x 280 x 140 mm<br>
T2 SSH TSE
Scan time 2.20 min.
Voxel size 1.09 x 1.10 x 4 mm
FOV 280 x 280 x 140 mm

The coronal T2-weighted SS TSE image through the pregnancy showing the larger “recipient” twin (arrow) and smaller “donor” twin (dotted arrow). Note the larger twin has large surrounding amniotic fluid and large bladder (short arrow) whereas the smaller twin is stuck against the uterine cavity and no bladder is present (curved arrow). Imaging shows absence of brain injury prior to fetoscopic laser ablation of the connecting vascular anastomosis across the placenta.

Diagnosis

Imaging shows absence of brain injury prior to fetoscopic laser ablation of the connecting vascular anastomosis across the placenta.

Clinical impact of using Ingenia 1.5T

A difficulty in fetal MRI is that imaging the mother requires a large field of view, but the fetus is very small and embedded deep inside the mother, so SNR is inherently low. The key is to maximize SNR. That can be done using Ingenia with its digital architecture. Because the signal is digitized directly in the coil, it helps to obtain high SNR. This coil setup used at Cinicinnati Children's offers big advantages. When the fetus moves, no repositioning of the coil is needed. The field of view can just be moved, the coil elements are already there and Ingenia’s SmartSelect automatically chooses the elements to obtain the best possible SNR. Ingenia’s wide bore is another advantage; with pregnant patients, it really makes a difference.

Ingenia’s strong gradients allow to set up fast imaging and that helps reduce fetal motion that can influence the scan. The gradients also help to reduce the TR and TE for high quality in the Balanced SSFP images. High SNR, digital coil setup and wide bore contribute to a smart approach for fetal MR imaging at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital.


Related reading:


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Nov 28, 2013

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Case Study
Ingenia 1.5T
Anterior coil, Body, dStream, Fetal, Pediatric, Posterior coil, Women's health
 

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