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Assessment of aortic valve calcium load by multidetector computed tomography

Publication
Philips CT Clinical Science Philips Healthcare • USA

Boulif J, Gerber B, Slimani A, Lazam S, de Meester C, Piérard S, Pasquet A, Pouleur AC, Vancraeynest D, El Khoury G, de Kerchove L, Noirhomme P, Vanoverschelde JL.

 

* This article originally appeared in the September 2017 edition of the Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.

Objectives

To validate aortic valve calcium (AVC) load measurements by multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT), to evaluate the impact of tube potential and slice thickness on AVC scores, to examine the accuracy of AVC load in distinguishing severe from nonsevere aortic stenosis (AS) and to investigate its effectiveness as an alternative diagnosis method when echocardiography remains inconclusive.

 

Methods

We prospectively studied 266 consecutive patients with moderate to severe AS who underwent MDCT to measure AVC load and a comprehensive echocardiographic examination to assess AS severity. AVC load was validated against valve weight in 57 patients undergoing aortic valve replacement. The dependence of AVC scores on tube potential and slice thickness was also tested, as well as the relationship between AVC load and echocardiographic criteria of AS severity.

 

Results

MDCT Agatston score correlated well with valve weight (r = 0.82, p < 0.001) and hemodynamic indices of AS severity (all p < 0.001). Ex-vivo Agatston scores decreased significantly with increasing tube potential and slice thickness (repeated measures ANOVA p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis identified mean gradient, the indexed effective orifice area, male gender and left ventricular outflow tract cross-sectional area as independent correlates of the in-vivo AVC load.

 

Conclusions

MDCT-derived AVC load correlated well with valve weight and hemodynamic indices of AS severity. It also depends on tube potential and slice thickness, thus suggesting that these parameters should be standardized to optimize reproducibility and accuracy.

For more information about this publication, check out the PubMed listing for this article.


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Publication
iCT
aorta, Aortic valve, Calcium Scoring, Cardiac, HeartBeat CS, prospective, stenosis, Vascular
 

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