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Displacement-based binning of time-dependent CT image data sets

CT Marketing Philips Healthcare

Fitzpatrick MJ, Starkschall G, Antolak JA, Fu J, Shukla H, Keall PJ, Klahr P, Mohan R.


Respiration can cause tumors in the thorax or abdomen to move by as much as 3 cm; this movement can adversely affect the planning and delivery of radiation treatment. Several techniques have been used to compensate for respiratory motion, but all have shortcomings. Manufacturers of computed tomography (CT) equipment have recently used a technique developed for cardiac CT imaging to track respiratory-induced anatomical motion and to sort images according to the phase of the respiratory cycle they represent. Here we propose a method of generating CT images that accounts for respiratory-induced anatomical motion on the basis of displacement, i.e., displacement-binned CT image sets. This technique has shown great promise, however, it is not fully supported by currently used CT image reconstruction software. As an interim solution, we have developed a method for extracting displacement-binned CT image data sets from data sets assembled on the basis of a prospectively determined breathing phase acquired on a multislice helical CT scanner. First, the projection data set acquired from the CT scanner was binned at small phase intervals before reconstruction. The manufacturer's software then generated image sets identified as belonging to particular phases of the respiratory cycle. All images were then individually correlated to the displacement of an external fiducial marker. Next, CT image data sets were resorted on the basis of the displacement and assigned an appropriate phase. Finally, displacement-binned image data sets were transferred to a treatment-planning system for analysis. Although the technique is currently limited by the phase intervals allowed by the CT software, some improvement in image reconstruction was seen, indicating that this technique is useful at least as an interim measure.


For more information, check out PubMed's listing for this article.

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Oct 13, 2006

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abdomen, Body, chest, helical CT, prospective, Thorax, treatment planning, tumor

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