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Low-dose MDCT urography

Publication
Philips CT Marketing Philips Healthcare

Feasibility study of low-tube-voltage technique and adaptive noise reduction filter

Yanaga Y, Awai K, Funama Y, Nakaura T, Hirai T, Roux S, Yamashita Y.

 

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.

 

* Originally published in the September 2009 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

 

Objective

The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of performance of MDCT urography with low tube voltage and an adaptive noise reduction filter.

 

Subjects and methods

Thirty-one patients underwent excretory phase (300 seconds after administration of 100 mL of iopamidol) 40-MDCT of the urinary tract at 120 and 80 kVp. The 80-kVp images were postprocessed with an adaptive noise reduction filter. Using a 3-point scale for homogeneity of the urinary tract and sharpness of contour, streak artifacts, and overall image quality, two radiologists evaluated coronal multiplanar reconstruction images generated from 120-kVp, unfiltered 80-kVp, and filtered 80-kVp images. Attenuation values of the abdominal aorta, renal pelvis, renal cortex, psoas muscle, vertebral body, and retroperitoneal fat and image noise of the psoas muscle were measured. The effective radiation dose was estimated for each patient.

 

Results

At visual evaluation of images of the upper urinary tract, the quality of filtered 80-kVp images was comparable with that of 120-kVp images. At evaluation of images of the lower urinary tract, however, filtered 80-kVp images were of inferior quality. Except for those of fat tissue, attenuation values were significantly higher on 80-kVp than on 120-kVp images (paired Student's t test, p < 0.01). Noise values did not differ significantly between 120- and filtered 80-kVp images (Dunnett test, p = 0.37). The mean effective doses for 120- and 80-kVp scans were 7.0 and 2.9 mSv.

 

Conclusion

MDCT urography is feasible with a low-tube-voltage technique and an adaptive noise reduction filter. The technique allows reduction in radiation dose without marked degradation of image quality and can be used in clinical assessment of the renal collecting system and upper ureter. For evaluation of the pelvic ureter and urinary bladder, however, image quality is not sufficient, and a compensatory increase in tube current may be necessary.

For more information about this publication, check out the PubMed listing for this article.


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Publication
Brilliance 40-channel
abdomen, aorta, artifacts, bladder, Body, dose, image quality, kidney/renal, MPR, Pelvis, urography
 

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