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MDCT angiography of the spinal vasculature and the artery of Adamkiewicz

Publication
CT Marketing Philips Healthcare

Boll DT, Bulow H, Blackham KA, Aschoff AJ, Schmitz BL.

Department of Radiology, University Hospitals of Cleveland, 11100 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. boll@uhrad.com

 

* Originally published in the July 2007 edition of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

 

Objective
The purpose of our study was to prospectively assess 40-MDCT technology in combination with adapted brain reconstruction algorithms to visualize the spinal vasculature, in particular the artery of Adamkiewicz and its anatomic variants.

 

Subjects and Methods
One hundred patients underwent contrast-enhanced MDCT of the thoracolumbar junction with collimation of 40 × 0.625 mm. The adapted brain algorithm reconstructed the spinal canal with a field of view of 90 mm at 0.6-mm slice thickness. Curved multiplanar reformations identified the artery of Adamkiewicz as a continuous vascular tract extending from the aortic orifices of the intercostal or lumbar arteries via the anterior radiculomedullary artery to the anterior spinal artery. Segment of origin and length were noted. Diameter and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were evaluated along the posterior branch, the radiculomedullary artery, the artery of Adamkiewicz, and the anterior spinal artery. Univariate general linear model analysis with Bonferroni post hoc corrections evaluated whether laterality, segment of origin, and length of the artery of Adamkiewicz showed a sex-specific propensity. Multivariate general linear model analysis assessed whether spinal vascular diameters and intraluminal CNR showed correlations with sex, laterality, and segment of origin. Finally, the luminal diameters of the feeding posterior branches were statistically compared with those of the ipsilateral and contralateral adjacent posterior branches.

 

Results
Successful depiction of the artery of Adamkiewicz was achieved in all patients; longitudinally the artery measured 40.1 ± 13.51 mm. In 63% of patients it originated from the left side of the body, and in 74% it originated from the level of the 10th-12th thoracic vertebrae. Duplications were found in 5% of patients. Segmental distribution, laterality, and length did not show significant sex-specific differences (p > 0.05). The vascular diameter and luminal contrast did not show significant differences caused by sex, laterality, or segment of origin (p > 0.05). The diameter of the posterior branches (2.8 ± 0.71 mm) arising in the segments of origin showed a significantly wider lumen than any of the other posterior branches (contralateral, 1.9 ± 0.32 mm; upper ipsilateral, 2.0 ± 0.47 mm; lower ipsilateral, 1.9 ± 0.39 mm) (p < 0.0001).

 

Conclusion
Contrast-enhanced 40-MDCT technology, in combination with an adapted brain reconstruction algorithm, can depict the artery of Adamkiewicz and its anatomic variants.

For more information about this publication, check out the PubMed listing for this article.


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Publication
Brilliance 40-channel
brain, cervical spine, contrast-enhanced, lumbar spine, MPR, Neck, neck CTA, Neuro, prospective, thoracic spine, Vascular
 

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