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Usefulness of routine coronary CTA in patients with transposition of the great arteries after an arterial switch operation

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Szymczyk K, Moll M, Sobczak-Budlewska K, Moll JA, StefaƄczyk L, Grzelak P, Moll JJ, Michalak KW.


* This article originally appeared in the October 31, 2017 of Pediatric Cardiology.

Coronary complications in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) after an arterial switch operation (ASO) are relatively rare, but of all the possible postoperative adverse events, they are potentially the most dangerous. The fate of the coronary arteries, which are transplanted during the neonatal ASO, remains uncertain. There is also no consensus regarding their postoperative evaluation, especially in asymptomatic patients. The aim of this study was to present the early results of routinely performed coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in asymptomatic adolescents and young adults with TGA after an ASO. An initial series of 50 CCTAs performed in asymptomatic patients with TGA after an ASO were evaluated. In each case, a detailed examination of the coronary anatomy, its relationship to the surrounding structures, its exact position in the neoaortic sinus, and the presence of significant coronary abnormalities was performed. The CT scans revealed significant coronary abnormalities in 12 asymptomatic patients: Three had acute proximal angulation and stenosis, four had an intra-arterial course, seven had a muscular bridge, one had a left anterior descending artery with an intramuscular course, and one had coronary fistulas to the pulmonary arteries. Additionally, in 25 patients, proximal acute angulation of at least one coronary artery was detected, and four of them had a high ellipticity index. Most of the potentially severe anatomical features were related to the left coronary artery or the left anterior descending artery. CCTA routinely performed on asymptomatic patients with TGA after an ASO provides accurate and useful information for postoperative management. The frequency of coronary anomalies and potentially dangerous anatomical features in this group of patients is high, and their impact on postoperative follow-up remains unknown.
For more information about this publication, check out the PubMed listing for this article.


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Publication
iCT
Cardiac, coronary angiography, coronary arteries, iDose4, LAD, pulmonary arteries, Vascular
 

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