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Association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and coronary artery calcification in postmenopausal women

Philips CT Clinical Science Philips Healthcare • USA

Kim MK, Ahn CW, Nam JS, Kang S, Park JS, Kim KR.

* This article originally appeared in the December 2015 issue of Menopause: The Journal of The North American Menopause Society.
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death in postmenopausal women, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been known to be associated with cardiovascular disease. However, little information regarding the relationship between NAFLD and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in postmenopausal women is available. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between NAFLD and CAC in postmenopausal women.

Among 4,377 participants who underwent cardiac computed tomography in a health promotion center, 919 postmenopausal women were enrolled. Anthropometric profiles and multiple cardiovascular risk factors were measured. NAFLD was measured by ultrasonography, and CAC was evaluated by cardiac computed tomography. Odds ratios and 95% CI for the presence of CAC, by severity of fatty liver disease, were estimated using logistic regression.

Women were stratified into three groups by severity of NAFLD. There were significant differences in cardiovascular parameters among the groups, and prevalence of CAC significantly increased with severity of NAFLD. On logistic regression analysis after adjustment for multiple risk factors, the odds ratios for the prevalence of CAC were as follows (P < 0.05): no NAFLD, 1.0; mild NAFLD, 1.34 (95% CI, 0.92-2.16); moderate to severe NAFLD, 1.83 (95% CI, 1.06-3.16). However, this association was attenuated after adjustment for insulin resistance (P = 0.16).

There is a significant correlation between NAFLD and prevalence of CAC, but NAFLD is not an independent factor for coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women.

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Sep 26, 2016

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Brilliance 64-channel
abdomen, calcification, Cardiac, coronary arteries, liver, Vascular, Women's health

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